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About Deviant Senior Member Mary CimettaFemale/Italy Groups :iconthe-yard-collective: The-Yard-Collective
Street Photography Club
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Deviant for 5 Years
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MARY'S JOURNALS ON STREET PHOTOGRAPHY

MY 'SERIOUS' JOURNALS ON STREET PHOTOGRAPHY:

:bulletred: JUST BECAUSE YOU SHOT IT IN THE STREET IT DOESN'T MAKE IT 'STREET' myraincheck.deviantart.com/jou…
:bulletred: STREET, CHILDREN, IS A STATE OF MIND myraincheck.deviantart.com/jou…
:bulletred: STREET AND NEIGHBORHOOD myraincheck.deviantart.com/jou…
:bulletred: THE STREETTOG: AN UNEXPECTED JOURNEY myraincheck.deviantart.com/jou…
:bulletred: CLIFF NOTES ON HISTORY OF STREET PHOTOGRAPHY myraincheck.deviantart.com/jou…
:bulletred: STREET PHOTOGRAPHY MYTHS myraincheck.deviantart.com/jou…
:bulletred: STREET PHOTOGRAPHY FAQ myraincheck.deviantart.com/jou…
:bulletred: Is Street Photography a Snapshot?
myraincheck.deviantart.com/jou…
:bulletred: The Artist's Toolbox: Street Photography myraincheck.deviantart.com/jou…
:bulletred: Grammar Lessons for Street Photographers myraincheck.deviantart.com/jou…

MY 'PRANK' JOURNALS ON STREET PHOTOGRAPHY:

:bulletred: The Street Photography Addiction Test myraincheck.deviantart.com/jou…
:bulletred: Feel the force, or YODA's lessons on Street Photography myraincheck.deviantart.com/jou…
:bulletred: Inside the mind of a Street Photographer myraincheck.deviantart.com/jou…
:bulletred: Street Photography and Religion myraincheck.deviantart.com/jou…
:bulletred: Of Street Photography and Ballet myraincheck.deviantart.com/jou…
:bulletred: Busted? Make Up an Excuse! myraincheck.deviantart.com/jou…
:bulletred: Murphy's Law applied to Street DDs myraincheck.deviantart.com/jou…
:bulletred: How to be a street photographer in four lessons myraincheck.deviantart.com/jou…
Come on guys, lye down on the couch, today we will do a bit of psychology!
More precisely we are going to learn something about human visual perception, and about some principles of visual perception that come into play when we 'read' images. We'll try and understand why and how they work, we'll see how to take advantage of them, improving as side effect our composition technique and effectiveness conveying messages in our photos.
Mind you, these are not the same old composition rules,  and they will come most in handy when you try to make juxtapositions in your street photos.
What is a juxtaposition in street photography?
Juxtaposition is a fancy term to say 'connection', 'combination', 'interaction' between elements in the frame. If you look at street photos - especially contemporary ones - you will find that this trick is very often used by the photographers to visually connect unrelated elements and re-frame, re-interpret reality, giving to a photo a new narrative, meaning, or a surprising effect

Gestalt psychology studied the way the mind understands external stimuli and  organizes, structures them using grouping laws.
Here are a few of those laws and a few examples of their visual and compositional use in street photographs. You'll be surprised to see how often street photographs use and exploit these rules!

Law of Proximity—The law of proximity states that when an individual perceives an assortment of objects they perceive objects that are close to each other as forming a group. This law is often used in juxtapositions to emphasize which aspects are associated:

01.Matt Stuart Trafalgar Square copy by myraincheck
photo by Matt Stuart 

27 by myraincheck
photo by Todd Gross

Law of Similarity—The law of similarity states that elements within an assortment of objects are perceptually grouped together if they are similar to each other. This similarity can occur in the form of shape, colour, shading or other qualities. This law is probably the most employed and exploited in street photos (and not only).

16-siegfried-hansen by myraincheck
photo by Siegfried Hansen

06 by myraincheck
photo by Todd Gross

Law of Closure—The law of closure states that individuals perceive objects such as shapes, letters, pictures, etc., as being whole when they are not complete. Specifically, when parts of a whole picture are missing, our perception fills in the visual gap.  Also looking at photos we tend to complete images leading back to known figures and patterns.

1646285827 8481202695 B by myraincheck
photo by Mark Powell

46.Matt Stuart New Bond Street copy by myraincheck
photo by Matt Stuart

Law of Symmetry—The law of symmetry states that the mind perceives objects as being symmetrical and forming around a center point. It is perceptually pleasing to divide objects into an even number of symmetrical parts. Therefore, when two symmetrical elements are unconnected the mind perceptually connects them to form a coherent shape. 

4-siegfried-hansen by myraincheck
photo by Siegfried Hansen

6-siegfried-hansen by myraincheck
photo by Siegfried Hansen


Law of Common Fate—The law of common fate states that objects are perceived as lines that move along the smoothest path.  We perceive elements of objects to have trends of motion, which indicate the path that the object is on. The law of continuity implies the grouping together of objects that have the same trend of motion and are therefore on the same path. 

3-siegfried-hansen by myraincheck
photo by Siegfried Hansen

30-siegfried-hansen by myraincheck
photo by Siegfried Hansen

In conclusion, Gestalt theory explains that we tend to perceptually group together elements forming a pattern that is regular, simple, familiar. We tend to superimpose meaning to what we see.

We can take advantage of perception's rules to create effective compositions or to juxtapose unrelated elements creating something new and different. "The whole is other than the sum of the parts" as Gestalt psychologist Kurt Koffka says.

Here is a little selection of dA street photos that would make Gestalt psychologists proud:

* by MirabellaStefano

Demolition Man by Fruity-Nut-Bats

Smile by avanderplaat

Some Assembly Required by Jinnger

full bloom by lightdrafter

Chicago Flowers 2 by niklin1

Hello Mr. Tomlinson! by ZiaulKareem

Modi2 by Elerko

hide by arslanalp

 A293699 by Elerko

Broadgate030815 by streetmax

Untitled by du-jamais-vu



Activity


Come on guys, lye down on the couch, today we will do a bit of psychology!
More precisely we are going to learn something about human visual perception, and about some principles of visual perception that come into play when we 'read' images. We'll try and understand why and how they work, we'll see how to take advantage of them, improving as side effect our composition technique and effectiveness conveying messages in our photos.
Mind you, these are not the same old composition rules,  and they will come most in handy when you try to make juxtapositions in your street photos.
What is a juxtaposition in street photography?
Juxtaposition is a fancy term to say 'connection', 'combination', 'interaction' between elements in the frame. If you look at street photos - especially contemporary ones - you will find that this trick is very often used by the photographers to visually connect unrelated elements and re-frame, re-interpret reality, giving to a photo a new narrative, meaning, or a surprising effect

Gestalt psychology studied the way the mind understands external stimuli and  organizes, structures them using grouping laws.
Here are a few of those laws and a few examples of their visual and compositional use in street photographs. You'll be surprised to see how often street photographs use and exploit these rules!

Law of Proximity—The law of proximity states that when an individual perceives an assortment of objects they perceive objects that are close to each other as forming a group. This law is often used in juxtapositions to emphasize which aspects are associated:

01.Matt Stuart Trafalgar Square copy by myraincheck
photo by Matt Stuart 

27 by myraincheck
photo by Todd Gross

Law of Similarity—The law of similarity states that elements within an assortment of objects are perceptually grouped together if they are similar to each other. This similarity can occur in the form of shape, colour, shading or other qualities. This law is probably the most employed and exploited in street photos (and not only).

16-siegfried-hansen by myraincheck
photo by Siegfried Hansen

06 by myraincheck
photo by Todd Gross

Law of Closure—The law of closure states that individuals perceive objects such as shapes, letters, pictures, etc., as being whole when they are not complete. Specifically, when parts of a whole picture are missing, our perception fills in the visual gap.  Also looking at photos we tend to complete images leading back to known figures and patterns.

1646285827 8481202695 B by myraincheck
photo by Mark Powell

46.Matt Stuart New Bond Street copy by myraincheck
photo by Matt Stuart

Law of Symmetry—The law of symmetry states that the mind perceives objects as being symmetrical and forming around a center point. It is perceptually pleasing to divide objects into an even number of symmetrical parts. Therefore, when two symmetrical elements are unconnected the mind perceptually connects them to form a coherent shape. 

4-siegfried-hansen by myraincheck
photo by Siegfried Hansen

6-siegfried-hansen by myraincheck
photo by Siegfried Hansen


Law of Common Fate—The law of common fate states that objects are perceived as lines that move along the smoothest path.  We perceive elements of objects to have trends of motion, which indicate the path that the object is on. The law of continuity implies the grouping together of objects that have the same trend of motion and are therefore on the same path. 

3-siegfried-hansen by myraincheck
photo by Siegfried Hansen

30-siegfried-hansen by myraincheck
photo by Siegfried Hansen

In conclusion, Gestalt theory explains that we tend to perceptually group together elements forming a pattern that is regular, simple, familiar. We tend to superimpose meaning to what we see.

We can take advantage of perception's rules to create effective compositions or to juxtapose unrelated elements creating something new and different. "The whole is other than the sum of the parts" as Gestalt psychologist Kurt Koffka says.

Here is a little selection of dA street photos that would make Gestalt psychologists proud:

* by MirabellaStefano

Demolition Man by Fruity-Nut-Bats

Smile by avanderplaat

Some Assembly Required by Jinnger

full bloom by lightdrafter

Chicago Flowers 2 by niklin1

Hello Mr. Tomlinson! by ZiaulKareem

Modi2 by Elerko

hide by arslanalp

 A293699 by Elerko

Broadgate030815 by streetmax

Untitled by du-jamais-vu



Comments


Add a Comment:
 
:iconjacac:
JACAC Featured By Owner 6 days ago

t h a n k . y o u . Mary :wave:

m a y . 2 0 1 6 . m a k e . y o u . s m i l e . =)

Reply
:iconeintoern:
EintoeRn Featured By Owner 6 days ago  Hobbyist Photographer
:iconfavemoticonplz:

Lots of thanks again, Mary :hug:
Reply
:iconocioproduction:
OcioProduction Featured By Owner Feb 1, 2016  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Ciao. Secondo me tu sei un genio..........
Reply
:iconmohensia:
Mohensia Featured By Owner Jan 28, 2016  Hobbyist Artist
It's Nice for making horor picture with that motion blur  :D (Big Grin) 
Reply
:iconmadadascar:
madadascar Featured By Owner Jan 5, 2016
Bella gallery!!!
Reply
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